June 2009

Paper I
1. Briefly describe the stages of fracture healing. Discuss physical or chemical modalities to enhance fracture healing.
2. Discuss prophylaxis against secondary complications of patient with polytrauma.
3. Ganz antishock pelvic fixator.
4. Describe musculoskeletal manifestations of HIV infected patients.
5. Describe pathogenesis of medial compartment osteoarthrosis. Discuss pros & cons of HTO vs unicondylar replacement.
6. Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome.
7. Osteofibrous Dysplasia
8. Enumerate indications & various techniques for shoulder arthrodesis. What are the prerequisites for a good result?
9. What is malalignment test? Discuss principles of focal dome osteotomy.
10. Gene therapy in Orthopedics.

Paper II
1. Enumerate the causes of intoeing gait. How will you treat intoeing gait because of hip disorders.
2. What is congenital coxa vara? Describe its pathophysiology and outline principles of management.
3. Ober’s test.
4. Briefly discuss the clinical features and pathology of Ewing’s Sarcoma. Outline the principles of treatment in a case of Ewing’s Sarcoma of upper end of humerus.
5. How will you evaluate a child with genu valgum deformity? Outline the principles of management. What is timed epiphysiodesis?
6. Thermoplastic splints
7. Classify nerve injuries. What is the role of electrodiagnosis in differentiating various nerve lesions?
8. Discuss the principles of rehabilitation of a paraplegic patient.
9. Briefly describe the principles & steps of Ponsetti’s method of CTEV correction.
10. Enumerate various causes of claw hand. What is the pathogenesis of clawing? Discuss the principles of surgical correction. 

Paper – III
1. Classify fractures of calcaneum. Outline the principles of management.
2. Elaborate the principles of LCP. What are the applications in periarticular fractures?
3. Classify epiphyseal injuries. Describe the complications. What is Langenskiold’s procedure?
4. Current concepts in the management of fracture neck & head of radius in children and adults.
5. Classify flexor tendon injuries of the hand. Describe the treatment of neglected ruptures of flexor tendons in Zone II.
6. Outline the principles of management in a case of infected non union of a long bone. How will you treat infected non union of tibia?
7. Classify fractures of the acetabulum. Discuss radiographic evaluation of acetabular trauma.
8. How will you manage a case of knee dislocation with absent distal pulsations?
9. Describe instability patterns after wrist trauma. Discuss the management of VISI (Volar Intercalated Segment Instability)
10. How will you differentiate between the cerebral sign as a result of head injury vs fat embolism syndrome? Describe in brief management of fat embolism syndrome.

Paper – IV
 1. Autologous Transfusion.
2. Describe the anatomy of Distal Radio Ulnar Joint. Describe indications & technique of performing Kapandji’s procedure.
3. Sexual Dimorphism in orthopedic practice.
4. Brown Tumor.
5. Surgical Dislocation of Hip.
6. Describe anatomical classification of chronic osteomyelitis. Discuss the principles of management based on this classification. How will you fill the dead space after excision of infected tissue?
7. Describe the presentation of tourniquet palsy and its causes. What precautions are taken to prevent it?
8. Describe the anatomy of PCL. Discuss its significance in Total Knee Arthroplasty.
9. Describe the basic principle of PET scan and discuss its role in orthopedics.
10. What is pelvic support osteotomy? Outline its principles and operative technique.