Dec 2005

Paper I
1. Define entrapment syndrome. Enumerate various entrapment syndromes. Discuss the entrapment syndrome in relation to the ulnar nerve in detail.
2. Bony changes in hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism along with relevant pathophysiology.
3. Sports related injuries to soft tissues.
4. Suture Materials.
5. Finger Injuries.
6. Enumerate various classical levels of lower limb amputations. Discuss AK amputation in detail. What is the difference in energy consumption by the patient in AK amputation as compared to a BK amputation?
7. Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
8.Cool Intravenous Regional Anaesthesia in orthopedic practice.
9. Day Care Surgery.
10.Surgical audit.

Paper II
1. Congenital vertical Talus – Etiology, Pathology , clinical, radiological features and management.
2. Chiari Osteotomy – indications, advantages, steps of surgery.
3. Claw Hand – Etiology, patho-mechanics,principles of various corrective procedures.
4. Bowing of Tibia in children – Causes, types, clinical features & management of congenital bowing of tibia.
5. Klippel-Fiel syndrome – Etiology, Pathology , clinical & radiological features, differential diagnosis & management.
6. Microwave Diathermy – its physiogical effects, clinical applications & contraindications.
7. Describe various types of Crutches ; gait pattern with crutches.
8.Cool Skew Flap Amputation – indications, advantages of conventional amputation,steps of operation and complications.
9. Post – polio equinus deformity of foot – etiopathology, evaluation & management.
10.Floor reaction Orthosis – indications, principles and advantages.

Paper III
1. Enumerate the types of spinal cord lesions following fracture dislocation of C5-6 vertebrae and discuss clinical features, treatment and prognosis of each type of lesion in adult. 25 marks
2. Describe the following in brief (15 marks) each...
i. Treatment of fractures of distal end of radius.
ii. Management of fracture of fracture shaft of femur that
has become infected after intramedullary fixation
iii. Treatment of radial head and neck fractures in children
iv. Management of Trochnanteric fractures in elderly.
v. Principles of management of Lisfranc injuries of foot.

Paper IV
1. Massive Transfusion.
2. Harmon’s approach of Tibia with applied Anatomy .
3. Strength – Duration Curve.
4. Biomechanics of hip joint and its clinical applications.
5. Radionuclide bone scanning
6. Allopurinol
7. Tension band principle and its application in treatment of fractures using a wire and plate.
Cool Pathology of tuberculous arthritis and correlation with clinical staging.
9. Growth plate - Anatomy and pathological states affecting it.
10. Radiological and biochemical features of renal osteodystrophy and their interpretation.